Italy Independent School District

Skip to main content
2017-2018

Speech Impairment

What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?
 
A speech-language pathologist (SLP) is a highly-trained professional who evaluates and treats children and adults who have difficulty with speech or language. Although people often think of speech and language as the same thing, the terms actually have very different meanings. If your child has trouble with speech, he/she struggles with the “how-to” of talking— the coordination of the muscles and movements necessary to produce speech. If your child has trouble with language, he/she struggles with understanding what he/she hears or sees. Your child may struggle to find the right words and/or organize those words in a meaningful way to communicate a message or hold a conversation. A speech-language pathologist also evaluates and treats children and adults who have difficulty swallowing food or liquid. An SLP will help identify what part of the swallowing process is making it difficult for your child to eat (e.g., chewing, manipulating food with the tongue; coordinating mouth and throat structures and muscles; breathing appropriately while eating).
 
What does a SLP treat?
  • Speech Disorders
  • Articulation - the way we say our speech sounds
  • Phonology - the speech patterns we use
  • Apraxia - difficulty planning and coordinating the movements needed to make speech sounds
  • Fluency - stuttering
  • Voice - problems with the way the voice sounds
 
Language Disorders
  • Receptive Language - difficulty understanding language
  • Expressive Language - difficulty using language
  • Pragmatic Language - social communication; the way we speak to each other